Crucially, for many of these Americans, unemployment means more than the loss of a job — it means the loss of employer-provided health insurance, too. This situation leaves them in vulnerable positions should they need to seek out testing or treatment for Covid-19, the disease caused by the virus.
“When white America catches a cold, black America catches pneumonia,” Steven Brown, a research associate at the Urban Institute, a Washington-based think tank, told my CNN colleague Chauncey Alcorn.
A group of Democratic lawmakers — including Massachusetts Rep. Ayanna Pressley and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren — recently sent a letter to Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar calling for race-inclusive data in testing.
“Any attempt to contain Covid-19 in the United States will have to address its potential spread in low-income communities of color, first and foremost to protect the lives of people in those communities, but also to slow the spread of the virus in the country as a whole,” they wrote.
It makes sense that racial gaps in equality are being emphasized. After all, thanks to years of discriminatory policy, people of color tend to suffer from poverty, negative underlying health conditions, and poor housing environments at higher rates than their white counterparts. These interacting variables can make the virus’ impact particularly acute, and fuel its transmission. (And this is to say nothing of the phenomenon of the well-off fleeing cities for the comforts of hideaways elsewhere.)
“Decades of structural racism have prevented so many black and brown families from accessing quality health care, affordable housing and financial security, and the coronavirus crisis is blowing these disparities wide open,” Warren said in a statement.
These inauspicious comments track with recent numbers.
While black Americans make up 32.9% of the population of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, they account for 43.9% of its Covid-19 cases. Black Americans account for nearly half of the cases and 81% of the deaths in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, despite the fact that it’s just 26% black. In Michigan, black Americans make up only 14% of the state’s population but account for 35% of cases and 40% of deaths there. (These are the figures as of Friday.)
It’s early days yet; society is still muddling through all the uncertainties of the evolving crisis. But it isn’t too soon to say that the pandemic isn’t the “great equalizer” but rather the precise opposite — the sort of cataclysmic event that’s bolstering hierarchies anew.